Dr. Anand Nagwani is the author of this website. He did his masters in surgery from BRA (Formerly Agra) University. He then his super specialization in cosmetic and plastic surgery and obtained M.Ch. degree from IPGME&R under West Bengal University of Health Science... more
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Gender reassignment surgery, sometimes called sex reassignment surgery, is performed to transition individuals with gender dysphoria to their desired gender.
People with gender dysphoria often feel that they were born in the wrong gender. A biological male may identify more as a female and vice versa.
Surgery is typically the last step in the physical transition process, but it is not a decision to be made lightly.
Many healthcare providers require patients to be formally diagnosed with gender dysphoria and undergo counseling to determine if they are truly ready to surgically transition.
Patients usually undergo hormone therapy first. Hormones can suppress the secondary sex characteristics of the biological gender and make them appear more like their desired sex. For instance, women take androgens and start developing facial hair. Men take estrogens and anti-androgens to look more feminine.
Surgeons may also require that patients live as their desired gender for at least one year. A man might dress as a woman traditionally does in the culture. Many men change their names and refer to themselves with female pronouns. Women transitioning to men would do the reverse.... more